English Daily Workout: Present Perfect: Pronunciation of the 'ED' Ending

Present Perfect: Pronunciation of the 'ED' Ending

Pronunciation of the ed ending

The ending ed is usually not pronounced as a separate syllable. For instance, in each of the following examples, both the bare infinitive and the past participle consist of one syllable. For example:


Bare InfinitivePast Participle
  puff  puffed
  work  worked
  miss  missed
  watch                                                                                    watched

However, when the ending ed is added to verbs which end in d or t, the ed ending of the past participle is pronounced as a separate syllable. The reason for this is that the sounds of d and t are so similar to the sound of the ed ending, that the ending must be pronounced as a separate syllable in order to be heard clearly.

In each of the following examples, the bare infinitive consists of one syllable; whereas the past participle consists of two syllables. For example:


Bare InfinitivePast Participle
  add  added
  land  landed
  hunt  hunted
  wait                                                                      waited

Similarly, when d is added to verbs ending in a silent e preceded by d or t, the final ed of the past participle is pronounced as a separate syllable. In each of the following examples, the bare infinitive consists of one syllable; whereas the past participle consists of two syllables. For example:


Bare Infinitive Past Participle
  fade  faded
  glide  glided
  cite  cited
  note                                                                                  noted


Exercise:
Keeping in mind that the ending ed forms a separate syllable only when it follows the letter d or t, indicate the number of syllables in each of the following past participles. Read each of the the past participles aloud.
 For example:
      __ pained
      1 pained

      __ painted
      2 painted


Answers:
1. 2
2. 1
3. 1
4. 2
5. 2
6. 2
7. 2
8. 1
9. 1
10. 2
11. 1
12. 1
13. 2
14. 1
15. 1
16. 2
17. 2
18. 1
19. 1
20. 2