English Daily Workout: Present Perfect: Past Participle of Irregular Verbs

Present Perfect: Past Participle of Irregular Verbs

Formation of the present perfect: Irregular verbs

In addition to regular English verbs, there are many irregular English verbs, which do not form the past participle with the ending ed. The English irregular verbs are related to the strong verbs of the German language. The following are examples of irregular English verbs. For example:


Bare InfinitivePast Participle
  begin  begun
  find  found
  go  gone
  let  let
  take                                                                                taken

The past participles of irregular English verbs are formed in an unpredictable manner, and must be memorized. A table of common English irregular verbs is provided.

Except for the irregularity of the past participle, the formation of the Present Perfect tense is the same for an irregular verb as for a regular verb. In both cases, the Simple Present of the auxiliary to have is followed by the past participle of the verb.

For instance, the irregular verb to take has the past participle taken. Thus, the Present Perfect of the irregular verb to take is conjugated as follows:


 I have taken
 you have taken
 he has taken
 she has taken
 it has taken
 we have taken
 they have taken
Exercise:
Referring to the table of irregular verbs if necessary, fill in the blanks with the Present Perfect tense of the irregular verbs shown in brackets. 

For example:
      They _________ tall. (to grow)
      They have grown tall.

      He __________ it. (to choose)
      He has chosen it.


Answers:
1. have eaten   2. have swept   3. has sung   4. have gone   5. have lost   6. has risen   7. have spoken 8. have seen   9. have known   10. has flown   11. has been   12. have cut   13. have written   14. have won   15. has told   16. has taken   17. have forgotten   18. have heard   19. have left   20. has understood