English Daily Workout: Present Perfect: Adding 'ed' to Verbs Ending in 'e' & 'y'

Present Perfect: Adding 'ed' to Verbs Ending in 'e' & 'y'

Spelling rules for adding ed to form the past participle (Part 1)
a. Verbs ending in 'e'.
b. Verbs ending in 'y'.

Some regular verbs change their spelling when the ending ed is added to form the past participle.

a. Verbs ending in a silent e
When a regular verb ends in a silent e, only the letter d must be added in order to form the past participle. For example:

Infinitive                                                 Past Participle
  to close  closed
  to move  moved
  to please  pleased
  to receive  received

b. Verbs ending in y
When a regular verb ends in y immediately preceded by a consonant, the y is changed to i before the ending ed is added. For example:

Infinitive                                               Past Participle
  to study  studied
  to rely  relied
  to carry  carried

However, when a regular verb ends in y immediately preceded by a vowel, the y is not changed before the ending ed is added. For example:

Infinitive                                              Past Participle
  to play  played
  to convey  conveyed
  to enjoy  enjoyed


Exercise:
Paying attention to the spelling of the past participles, fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense of the regular verbs shown in brackets. For example:
      She _________ hard. (to try)
      She has tried hard.

      He ___________ his friend. (to annoy)
      He has annoyed his friend.
Answers:
1. have envied     2. has played      3. have applied      4. have fried     5. have employed 6. has sprayed      7. have hurried      8. have displayed      9. has destroyed     10. have relied