English Daily Workout: Present Perfect Continuous: Questions and Negative Statements

Present Perfect Continuous: Questions and Negative Statements

 English Grammar Lesson and Exercise on the Present Perfect Continuous.


Present Perfect Continuous
c. Questions and negative statements




                                          c. Questions and negative statements

Affirmative StatementQuestion
  I have been working.                                                                Have I been working?
  You have been working.  Have you been working?
  He has been working.  Has he been working?
  She has been working.  Has she been working?
  It has been working.  Has it been working?
  We have been working.  Have we been working?
  They have been working.  Have they been working?

Negative statements are formed by placing the word not after the first auxiliary. For example:

Affirmative StatementNegative Statement
  I have been working.                                                          I have not been working.
  You have been working.  You have not been working.
  He has been working.  He has not been working.
  She has been working.  She has not been working.
  It has been working.  It has not been working.
  We have been working.  We have not been working.
  They have been working.  They have not been working.

Negative questions are formed by placing the first auxiliary before the subject, and the word not after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the first auxiliary. For example:

Without ContractionsWith Contractions
  Have I not been working?                                                            Haven't I been working?
  Have you not been working?  Haven't you been working?
  Has he not been working?  Hasn't he been working?
  Has she not been working?  Hasn't she been working?
  Has it not been working?  Hasn't it been working?
  Have we not been working?  Haven't we been working?
  Have they not been working?  Haven't they been working?

Tag questions are formed using the first auxiliary. In the following examples, the negative tag questions are underlined. For example:

Affirmative StatementAffirmative Statement with Tag Question
  I have been working.                                                       I have been working, haven't I?
  You have been working.  You have been working, haven't you?
  He has been working.  He has been working, hasn't he?
  She has been working.  She has been working, hasn't she?
  It has been working.  It has been working, hasn't it?
  We have been working.  We have been working, haven't we?
  They have been working.  They have been working, haven't they?


Following the model of the example, rewrite the following two affirmative statements as questions, negative statements, negative questions without contractions, negative questions with contractions, and affirmative statements followed by negative tag questions. For example:

       They have been enjoying themselves.
      Have they been enjoying themselves?
      They have not been enjoying themselves.
      Have they not been enjoying themselves?
      Haven't they been enjoying themselves?
      They have been enjoying themselves, haven't they?

1. It has been snowing.
2. You have been visiting your friends.