English Daily Workout: The Subjunctive Mood of the Passive Voice

The Subjunctive Mood of the Passive Voice

Grammar Lesson and Exercise 
Chapter 12: The Passive Voice
6. The subjunctive mood of the passive voice
         a. Use of the simple present subjunctive
         b. Use of the past forms of the subjunctive




6. The subjunctive mood of the passive voice

The Passive Voice tenses discussed so far have all been in the Indicative Mood. However, verbs in the Passive Voice can also be put into the Subjunctive Mood.

It has been seen that all of the tenses in the Passive Voice are formed using auxiliaries. As has already been explained, the Subjunctive Mood of tenses using auxiliaries is formed by putting the first auxiliary into the Subjunctive Mood.

Using the verb to show as an example, the following table illustrates the formation of the tenses of the Subjunctive Mood of the Passive Voice.




The Subjunctive Mood of the Passive Voice of the verb To Show

Simple Present                                                                                                   
Simple Past
I be shown                                                                                               I were shown
you be shownyou were shown
he be shownhe were shown
she be shownshe were shown
it be shownit were shown
we be shownwe were shown
they be shownthey were shown
   
Present ContinuousPast Continuous
I be being shownI were being shown
you be being shownyou were being shown
he be being shownhe were being shown
she be being shownshe were being shown
it be being shownit were being shown
we be being shownwe were being shown
they be being shownthey were being shown
   
Present PerfectPast Perfect
I have been shownI had been shown
you have been shownyou had been shown
he have been shownhe had been shown
she have been shownshe had been shown
it have been shownit had been shown
we have been shownwe had been shown
they have been shownthey had been shown
   
Present Perfect ContinuousPast Perfect Continuous
I have been being shownI had been being shown
you have been being shownyou had been being shown
he have been being shownhe had been being shown
she have been being shownshe had been being shown
it have been being shownit had been being shown
we have been being shownwe had been being shown
they have been being shownthey had been being shown


The following table summarizes the formation of the Subjunctive tenses of the Passive Voice.




The Formation of the Subjunctive Mood of the Passive Voice

TenseAuxiliaryVerb Form
Simple Present                                             be                                                                   past participle
Present Continuousbe beingpast participle
Present Perfecthave beenpast participle
Present Perfect Continuoushave been beingpast participle
Simple Pastwerepast participle
Past Continuouswere beingpast participle
Past Perfecthad beenpast participle
Past Perfect Continuoushad been beingpast participle


a. Use of the simple present subjunctive


Like the Simple Present Subjunctive of the Active Voice, the Simple Present Subjunctive of the Passive Voice is often used in subordinate clauses beginning with that in sentences which contain formal commands, or requests.

As can be seen from the preceding table, the Simple Present Subjunctive of The Passive Voice is formed from the invariable auxiliary be, followed by the past participle of the verb. The following sentences are examples of the use of the Simple Present Subjunctive of the Passive Voice.
e.g. I request that he be invited to speak.
      We asked that our suggestions be considered.
      They will insist that their colleague be admitted to the association.

 Exercise 8.


8. Complete the following sentences using the Simple Present Subjunctive of the Passive Voice of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
      She ordered that the most important details _______ known. (to make)
      She ordered that the most important details be made known.

      He advises that the plane ________ at a high altitude. (to fly)
      He advises that the plane be flown at a high altitude.

1. They demand that the change of plans _____________ at nine o'clock. (to announce)
2. We ask that permission to compete ____________ to everyone. (to grant)
3. It is important that their accomplishments ____________. (to recognize)
4. It is crucial that we _____________ of any change. (to advise)
5. He asks that his affairs ____________ in order. (to put)
6. They requested that their qualifications ______________. (to accept)
7. We insist that he not _____________ his rights. (to deny)
8. It is necessary that the requirements _____________. (to meet)
9. She requests that the most experienced candidate ___________. (to choose)
10. It is recommended that care __________ in making the repairs. (to take)
11. He insists that smoking ______________. (to forbid)
12. It is essential that supplies _____________ well in advance. (to order)


b. Use of the past forms of the subjunctive

Like the past forms of the Subjunctive of the Active Voice, the past forms of the Subjunctive of the Passive Voice are used in wishes, and in statements containing false or improbable conditions.
e.g. I wish he were allowed to come.
      It would have been better if they had been invited.

In the first example, the Simple Past Subjunctive of the Passive Voice, were allowed, is used in expressing a wish. In the second example, the Past Perfect Subjunctive of the Passive Voice, had been invited, is used in expressing the false condition they had been invited.

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