English Daily Workout: Plural of Nouns Ending in CH, S, SH, X, Z Lesson & Exercise

Plural of Nouns Ending in CH, S, SH, X, Z Lesson & Exercise

English Grammar Lesson and Exercise
CHAPTER 13. Nouns: The formation of plurals 
3. The formation of plurals
         a. Nouns ending in ch, s, sh, x or z

a. Nouns ending in ch, s, sh, x or z

For nouns ending in ch, s, sh, x or z, the plural is formed by adding es. The reason for this is that these words would be difficult to pronounce if only s were added. The ending es is pronounced as a separate syllable. For example:


Singular             
Plural
  branch  branches
  match  matches
  bus  buses
  pass  passes
  dish  dishes
  marsh  marshes
  ax  axes
  fox  foxes
  buzz  buzzes


It should be noted that when a plural is formed by adding s to words ending in ce, ge, se or ze, the final es is pronounced as a separate syllable. For example:

SingularPlural
  place                        places
  voice  voices
  change  changes
  page  pages
  house  houses
  phrase  phrases
  size  sizes

In each of the preceding examples, the singular noun consists of one syllable, whereas the plural noun consists two syllables.

Exercise 2.
2. For each of the following sentences, change the subject of the verb to the plural, and change the verb so that it agrees with its subject. For example:
      The beach is supervised by lifeguards.
      The beaches are supervised by lifeguards.

      The singer performs twice a week.
      The singers perform twice a week.

      The class was visiting the museum.
      The classes were visiting the museum.

      The vase has been filled with flowers.
      The vases have been filled with flowers.

1. The box was empty.
2. The river flows to the sea.
3. The bush has grown in the last two months.
4. The hat was on sale.
5. The bench is made of stone.
6. The plant has been watered.
7. The hedge is being trimmed.
8. The process was invented last year.
9. The sketch is nearly finished.
10. The breeze was warm.
11. The wall is being painted.
12. The church is two hundred years old.
13. The bridge will soon be completed.
14. The carpet has been cleaned.
15. The branch is covered with ice.


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